Origin of the name 'Kelah'

Kelah is a fish from the genus Tor. The general name of 'mahseer' (Indian for 'big head') is popularly used. In the nothern parts of India, mahseer is also called 'kurriah' or 'kukhiah' ,whilst our kejor (tengas) is called 'kajra'.

There is high possibility that the name of kelah is derived from these terms. After all, the Hindu civilization was the earliest to entrench itself in the Malaysia Peninsular.

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Update: 11/3/2011


Taman Negara (National Park) Pahang

Life in the wild - Kelah Sanctuary in Taman Negara

Everyone has a price, even the fish. For the kelah (Tor trambroides) of The Kelah Sanctuary in Taman Negara, it’s seed pellets. I dunked a fistful of pellets into the pristine water, and sure enough, 30 to 40 scaly fellas darted my way.

Making haste to the Kelah Sanctuary.

Here come the pellets

Taking instructions from a fish warden.

A good skill to have for the hunt

Each one weighed a healthy 1kg to 5kg. No thanks to overfishing and land erosion, the population of kelah in Malaysian rivers has dwindled over the years. To preserve its population, the authorities have outlawed fishing in Taman Negara. Despite this, the species continues to be threatened by erosion, which damages its habitat, and fish predators like the toman and tapah.

The Kelah Sanctuary is a labour of love by the Wildlife Protection and National Park Department (Perhilitan) and Usains Holding Sdn Bhd, a research wing of Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), to protect the species.

The fish are lured from the upper and lower streams of Sungai Tahan, Sungai Kenyam and Sungai Tembeling to Lubok Tenor, a 40-minute boat ride from Kuala Tahan. Here, visitors can splash around with the fish while being taught about them by the fish wardens.

Under the Eighth Malaysia Plan, RM5 million was allocated to create the Kelah Sanctuary. Additionally, entrance fees and public funds collected go towards developing the area further.

In the beginning, not all the communities in the surrounding areas agreed with the idea of a sanctuary, as it was seen as a move towards reducing available fishing ground. But through education and awareness, the authorities have helped residents understand that the protected area would help improve fishing outside the sanctuary since it provided a safe place for the fish to mature.

The project enlisted the help of the Orang Asli of the Batek tribe in Taman Negara. They made up some 30% of the workers. Poachers are not welcome in the prohibited areas, but anglers can still experience the thrill of the catch by tagging and releasing this coveted game fish at Pos Melantai 2, an hour’s boat ride from Kuala Tahan and another 3½-hour’s journey by canoe and foot.

Forest caretakers

While the world is busy marking territories, the Batek are content with their no-frills lifestyle.

Moving to a new house is such a chore. When I did it, it took an entire weekend to pack, repack and unpack. From there, it took forever to turn the house into a home.

For the Batek of Taman Negara, relocating to a new spot every few weeks is no big deal. Unlike many indigenous people, the Batek still hang on to their nomadic lifestyle. They do not farm, raise livestock or build houses where a postman can post their bills. No, possessions to them are a nuisance, so hiring a mover is unnecessary.

At the Batek settlement along the river, shacks built of natural vegetation protect them from insects. Their calories come purely from hunting and gathering. Animals living in trees are considered clean, so the men hunt birds, squirrels and monkeys using a 1.5m blowpipe.

The tip of the dart is coated with a poisonous sap from the Ipoh tree. It is slightly bended so the poisonous tip will remain in the flesh even if the prey is able to remove the dart.

The bilingual Batek don’t farm, as they detest its monotony. Instead, the women fish and collect vegetables and fruits from the forest, like wild tuber, durian, jackfruit, mangosteen and rambutan.

It surprises me that there are still people living in this way, where a good meal is simply enough calories to sustain you until the next meal.

Although some claim the Batek should not be allowed to run all over Taman Negara, it is not in the Batek character to destroy the forest.

The community moves on to a new area before the resources are depleted. In fact, there is a whole lot we could learn from them. They don’t clear the forest, only consuming what they need.

Take it from the Batek – the forest is worth looking after.

Source: http://www.cuti.com.my

Kuala Marong, Endau Rompin, Pahang

Kelah Sanctuary at Kuala Marong, Endau Rompin

If you ever get the chance to visit Endau Rompin National Park, try to make a detour to the Kuala Marong Kelah sanctuary. This is yet another wonderful place in tropical rainforest Malaysia where you can witness first hand the famed Malaysian Mahseer in its natural habitat.

I visited Kuala Marong during a trip to Endau Rompin organized by the Nature Guide SIG from the Malaysia Nature Society. Kuala Marong was part of the itinerary and its one of the highlights (for me at least) of the whole trip. I rarely miss the chance to see the Kelah, even if they are in fish tanks!

Unlike the Sungai Petang Kelah sanctuary that is rather heavily guarded by park rangers, Kuala Marong seems to be a bit ‘easy’ for people to access to. There were people camping just beside the river when I was there. There were also quite many people trying to ‘swim’ with the fishes.

I get to see them Kelah fishes from a specially built viewing platform. The water was crystal clear and the fishes can be seen gracefully swimming around waiting for food from human visitors. There wasn’t really that many Kelah but they were huge ones. I saw not only the Kelah but also Sebarau, Lampam and Tengas.

The fishes at Kuala Marong

Kuala Marong is a place where two rivers meet. Further down from where the fishes are is a place for visitors to swim. I didn’t hesitate of course. The place was teaming with fishes. No Kelah came near but there were definitely some curios Lampam and Sebarau. Some were even curious enough to nibble my toes! A few of my friends joined me in the water. They had some bread with them, which the fishes gladly ate up. I know it’s not a good thing to be feeding the fishes but sometimes people just can’t help it! Don’t blame them really.

L.C. Keong and an Orang Asli guide at Kuala Marong

The Kuala Marong Kelah sanctuary is most accessible via the eastern entrance to the park, often referred to as the Kampung Peta way. To enter via this entrance, it is best that you hire 4WD services from the Kahang town nearby. The access road is unpaved and winds through endless oil palm plantations.

Source: http://my-rainforest-adventures.blogspot.com

Sungai Petang, Tasik Kenyir, Terengganu

Sanctuary” is located at Sungai Petang, 21 kilometers from Pengkalan Gawi which is 40 minutes by speed boat. Sungai Petang, with an area of 407 hectares streches for 20 kilometers long-10 kilometers within the Taman Negara with 91 streams flowing ito it mainly from Gunung Padang (1,314m)- the highest peak in the territory, Kelah Sanctuary, covering an area of 4,464 hectares has been gazetted as a protective zone for the protection, preservation and reproductions of the fresh water fish in Tasik Kenyir.

This is an utmost step in ensuring the maintainance of the bio-diversity of the lake. Therefore fishing activities are strictly prohibited here.
Visitors will be enjoying an experience they will never forget....seeing the nature at it's best with the magnificient sparkling rivers and rapids along the tracks to Kelah Sanctuary. Visitors will also experience 'close encounter' with various species of fishes including the beautiful red kelah gently biting at their feet while swimming in the magnificient Kelah Sanctuary.

Source: http://www.ketengah.gov.my

Working Visit

Working Visit on Kelah (Pelian) in Sabah

Dr Subha Bhassu
Fisheries Research Officer
Freshwater Fisheries Research Centre,
Batu Berendam, Melaka

To study the success of the Tagal System: A Sustainable Community-based Fisheries Resource management on Riverine Fishery in Sabah and collection of samples for the study on systematic and phylogenetic relationship of Kelah from Sabah using molecular markers.

Visits by:

Mr. Hj. Rosly Hassan (Head of Centre), Mr. Ahmad Ashhar Othman (Senior Research Officer) and Dr Subha Bhassu (Research Officer) from Freshwater Fisheries Research Center, Batu Berendam, Melaka.

11th January 2005 (Tuesday):

At 9 am, Mr Jephrin Zefrinus Wong, Pengarah Perikanan Negeri Sabah gave us a presentation on Tagal System. The presentation covered on the reasons behind the implementation of the Tagal System, what is Tagal system and how does it work, strategies to make Tagal system sustainble, the present status of Tagal in Sabah, roles played by Fisheries Department and a new plan to promote eco-tourism ( sport fishing) on Tagal.

Before Tagal was implemented, the number of Pelian population has been dwindling over the years due to habitat destruction and overfishing. To address the problems, Department of Fisheries Sabah focused on 2 strategies which is to encourage aquaculture and restoration of the resources through the Community-Based Fisheries Resource Management (The Tagal System).

The question that ran through our mind was what is Tagal?

Tagal is a kadazandusun word = fishing is prohibited by the community on river for a certain period as agreed by the community.

Its objective was to restore the depleting fisheries resource, to prevent pollution to the rivers and to generate income to the community. In this system, the community will form a Tagal commitee to look after and to manage the fisheries resource in their river. The main advisor is the District Fisheries Officer.

The unique feature of the TAGAL is the sign board that if you break the prohibition rule, the community will stop you. This was very interesting because the Implementation of Sabah laws that empower the local community / Tagal committee to protect and manage the fisheries resources in the TAGAl sites / zones under Section 58 of the Sabah Natives Courts and Section 36 of the Sabah Inland fisheries.

In his presentation he covered areas on how to start a TAGAL in a selected river, how to form a commitee and their responsibity, strategies to make TAGAL system more sustainable.

This is interesting for the TAGAL zone is divided into red, orange and green sectors.

- The sites are colour coded: - Red zone : Forever untouchable - Green zone: annual communal harvesting allowed - Orange zone: fishing once a year

In conclusion of his presentation, the TAGAL system is succesful with full support from the community as the number of TAGAL sites is still increasing as we write this report. To this date, the total number of TAGAL sites is 179. The system is sustainable because of this four following elements which is:

1. Element of conservation;
2. Element of equal share on the fish among members;
3. Element that they can get at least a fish, from the Tagal zone whenever they want, for own consumption;
4. Elements of access to the TAGAL fund if they need to.

At 1030 am, Mr Jephrin Zefrinus Wong took us for a visit to four TAGAL sites, including the first model TAGAL system at Freshwater Fisheries Station at Barbagon. Excitement and anxiety were our feelings when we walk to the other side of the river on a hanging bridge. It was a beautiful place. This station is just beside the road and you will be able to see Kelah. Below are some pictures of the Barbagon Freshwater Fisheries Station. As promised, we were fortunate to see Kelah.

The rocks is where you can find kelah most as they love the fast flowing water

This part of the river, you will see the small and medium size Kelah as the water is calm. This is the Barbagon river

Pelian is the common name for Kelah. However their species is yet to be identified. There could be 2 possible species recognized using taxonomic keys based on the median lobe. (Ahmad Ashhar, pers comm). We took some scale samples from the live fish. It is non-destructive sampling as we did not hurt the fish. This is something that you have to see for yourself as the TAGAL community in Sabah love the fish and took so much pride in taking good care of them. Below are some pictures on the collection of scales.

Pelian caught and kept in a container for identification and scales were obtained for DNA study. The colour of pelian is magnificant and has beautiful golden colour.

Short median lobe of Pelian

Samples of Kelah scale were obtained for DNA study and kept in tube containing ethanol

Then we were brought to another 3 tagal sites and we had the opportunity to see the most beautiful site where at one tagal, we saw different populations of Kelah. From our description, there were many different sizes of the fish, ranging from small ones to the big ones. These fishes are indeed spawning and breeding. Clearly the implementation of TAGAL had taken its first step in conservation measures.

Kelah of various sizes swimming in this clear river system. The river is clear and unpolluted.

Overhelming picture of Kelah swimming everywhere has given hope for the Government of Sabah to generate the local economy on ecotourism (angling). The people of Sabah who took conservation issues as their responsibility is surely something to be proud of by we Malaysians. We believe the Department of Fisheries Sabah played an important role in managing the whole TAGAL system. May their efforts and their model allow us in taking lead in our pursue to conserve this fish in the Peninsular Malaysia. For sure if you love Kelah, take the first flight to Sabah and see the people that loves Kelah and its protected habitat.

Source: http://www.fri.gov.my

Working Visit

Working Visit on Kelah in Kuala Krai and Sungai Nenggiri

Hanan Mohd. Yusof
Fisheries Research Officer
Freshwater Fisheries Research Centre,
Batu Berendam, Melaka
Objective of the visit:

To conduct preliminary surveillance and collection of samples for the study on the systematic and phylogenetic relationship of Ikan Kelah from various sources using molecular markers.

Visits by :

Mr. Hj. Rosly Hassan (Head of centre), Mr. Ahmad Ashhar Othman (Senior Research Officer), Mr. Hanan Mohd Yusof (Research Officer) of FFRC and Mr. Hj. Zakaria (Fisheries Officer) of Aquaculture Department, Department of Fisheries Head Quarters.

17th January 2005 (Monday)
Kuala Krai, Kelantan

The visit started with RISDA's Fish and Orchid Production Centre at Kampung Bukit Sireh and the group was entertained by Mr. Che Abdullah Jusoh, the Branch Manager. Currently, they are capable of producing 200,000 of Red Tilapia fries every month. However, owing to the great demand from local farmers, RISDA is seeking help from the department in terms of advice to increase their production to cater for the current and future needs of the customers.

Mr. Hj. Rosly and Mr. Hj. Zakaria being briefed by Mr. Che Abdullah on the Tilapia hatchery.
Next, we visited Mr. Mokhtar s Kelah farm at Lata Rek, Kuala Krai. Starting as a hobby, Mr. Mokhtar foresaw the future prospect in culturing Ikan Kelah, he collected juveniles from a nearby river adjacent to Kampung Lata Rek. At present he has stocked in approximately few hundred fish of various sizes in his grow out ponds. The specimens of the Ikan Kelah collected have not been identified, but it is probably Tor tambra. Morphologically, the fish has a short median lobe on the lower lip. For further identification and study purposes, a few samples of scales from the fish (approximately 1 kg in body weight) were taken.

Short median lobe of Mr. Mokhtar s Kelah most likely identifies it as Tor tambra

The Kelah s pond is supplied with sufficient fresh and clean water from a nearby stream.

Samples of Kelah scale were obtained for DNA study
During the later part of the day, we visited Mr. Hj. Awang s farm, located further inside of Kampung Lata Rek. Mr. Hj. Awang has been collecting and culturing Ikan Kelah for a long time. Currently, he estimated his fish collection to be in the region of a thousand specimens. He is still actively collecting Kelah fry form a nearby river to supply the demand from his customers both local and even outside Kelantan.

An interesting piece of information gained from Mr. Hj. Awang is that fry feeding on termites showed a faster growth. The fish seem to relish eating termites. A few samples of Kelah scales were taken from his tank for further study.

Kelah fry feeding on termites

18th January 2005 (Tuesday)
Sungai Nenggiri, Gua Musang, Kelantan.

The trill of a long three hours upstream journey by boat from Kampung Star to Kuala Jenera was meant to visit the site area of the Kelah Sanctuary of Sungai Nenggiri which was managed by Titiwangsa Heritage, a non-governmental organization body. However, disappointment awaited as we were not able to see any Kelah freely swiming in the water as the river was too cloudy due to a very recent flood. The Sanctuary area was gazetted by the State Government in November, 2003 to preserve the fish natural resources from extinction especially the Kelah. The local villagers informed us that, previously, some locals and outsiders had been using explosives and poison to get the Kelah from the river. However, since the area has been gazetted, this problem has greatly decreased.

The three-hour journey upstream to Kuala Jenera of Nenggiri River


The FFRC would like to express its appreciation to the Director of Research for the permission of Kelah study. Special thanks also goes to the State Fisheries Department especially Mr. Adibi, RISDA, Mr. Che Abdullah Jusoh and Mr. Hj. Awang for a pleasant and fruitful visit.

Source: http://www.fri.gov.my

Taman Negara (National Park) Pahang

The mention of Taman Negara (National Park) in Pahang would conjure up images of lush, green and pristine jungles apart from the rapids with their crystal-clear water.

This virgin rainforest, believed to be 130 million years old, is spread over 4,343 square km, comes under the jurisdiction of the National Parks and Wildlife Protection Department. With its priceless treasures of flora and fauna, Taman Negara offers attractive packages for aficionados of jungle adventure.

The journey from Kuala Lumpur or Kuantan to this National Park takes about three hours. But, upon arriving at the Kuala Tahan jetty, one can feel the sudden desire to explore further upstream of Sungai Tahan.

Another way to Taman Negara is via Jerantut town using either the river or land route.

There are many attractions in Taman Negara like the canopy walkway, Berkoh rapids, Bukit Teresek, safari night, Gua Telinga, Lubok Simpon, Nusa Camp and Orang Asli settlements.


The National Parks latest tourism product that is worth the effort to visit is the Kelah Sanctuary at Lubuk Tenor.

This site not only has a research and conservation centre for the Kelah fish, also known as Malaysian Mahseer, but provides various attractions for the visitors.

From the Kuala Tahan jetty, visitors can reach Lubuk Tenor by going upstream Sungai Tahan, usually in a boat moved by a 15-horse power engine and the journey takes some 15 minutes.

However the boat fare is RM120, but split four ways, it will cost RM30 per person.


Among the activities available at the sanctuary is feeding the Kelah, apart from swimming and playing with this freshwater fish. Angling is allowed, but strictly on a catch-and-release basis.

The visitors can also view schools of Kelah fry swimming in the crystal-clear water.

It is fascinating to watch the Kelah's lightning reaction as it feed on the pellets, which are thrown onto the water surface.

The Kelah is known as the king of the freshwater fish or king of the river, as its flesh is so tasty that even the scales are eaten crisp-fried. That is why it commands a very high price at the market.

The creation of Lubuk Tenur Kelah Sanctuary is due to the collaboration between USAINS Holdings, a subsidiary of Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) and Perhilitan in 2001.

The management of the sanctuary was taken over by Golden Mahseer Sdn Bhd (GMSB) in January 2006, with the villagers providing the manpower.

GMSB managing director Roslan Abu Kasim, 43, said the task to conserve the Kelah was delegated to the local villagers including the Orang Asli from the Batek tribe.

The villagers also act as agents to promote the sanctuary among the visitors, he said, adding that almost 90 per cent of the some 2,000 Kampung Kuala Tahan folks are involved in the tourism industry at Taman Negara.


As the sanctuary is opened to the public only from 8am to 5pm daily, the visitors have a choice of staying overnight at the nearby campsite. Roslan said there are 30 tents that provide accommodation for visitors.

A 3-day/2-night package for four people is available for RM350 and is inclusive of boat fare and food.

Those who sign up for this package can go for activities like jungle trekking to Bukit Kementor, kayaking, netting the fish fry as well as a trip to the Berkoh rapids.

The Kelah Adoption Programme is available where for RM20 each, the visitors can release their adopted fish fry into the river. Participants will be awarded with a certificate for their effort.

The sanctuary also provides facilities for the staging of seminars and workshops but this is limited to 30 people at a time.

"As for the angling activity, only a minimum of four and maximum of eight people are allowed and the sessions are only twice a month as we do not wish the fish to become fatigued," said Roslan.
More information on the Lubuk Tenor Kelah Sanctuary is available at 09-2663070.

Source: http://www.tourismmalaysia.gov.my

Ikan Kelah

Dari Wikipedia Bahasa Melayu, ensiklopedia bebas.

Ikan Kelah (bahasa Inggeris: Mahseer) adalah ikan kap dalam keluarga Cyprinidae yang bersisik besar, dan merupakan ikan sukan yang digilai dan banyak terdapat di India dan secara amnya di Asia Selatan.

Ikan ini digambarkan pada asalnya oleh Hamilton pada tahun 1822, dan pertama kali disebut dalam cabaran memancing dalam Majalah Oriental Sporting pada tahun 1833, dan kemudiannya menjadi buruan kegemaran pemancing British yang menetap di India. Spesies Golden Mahseer diketahui mencapai 2.75 meter (9 kaki) panjangnya dan 54 kilogram (118 paun) beratnya, walaupun spesimen sebesar ini jarang dinampak pada hari ini.

Ikah Kelah mendiami di sungai serta tasik, dan naik ke anak sungai yang pantas serta dasar sungai yang berbatu-batan untuk membiak. Serupa dengan jenis ikan kap yang lain, mereka merupakan omnivor dan makan bukan sahaja alga, krustasia, serangga, katak, dan ikan yang lain, tetapi juga buah-buahan yang jatuh daripada pokok-pokok di atas.

Selain daripada ditangkap untuk sukan, ikan kelah juga merupakan sebahagian perikanan komersil di India.

Jenis ikan kelah

Terdapatnya banyak jenis ikan kelah:

Genus Tor:

* Mahseer Sirip Merah (Red-finned Mahseer) (juga digelarkan "Mahseer Insang Pendek" (Short-gilled) ataupun "Mahseer Badan Menghunjam" (Deep-bodied Mahseer): Tor tor (Hamilton)
* Mahseer Emas (Golden Mahseer) (juga digelarkan "Mahseer Sirip Kuning" (Yellow-finned) ataupun "Mahseer Himalaya Biasa" (Common Himalayan Mahseer): Tor putitora (Hamilton)
* Mahseer Tembaga (Copper Mahseer): Tor mosal (Hamilton)
* Jungha: Tor progeneius (McClelland)
* Mahseer Decca (Deccan Mahseer}: Tor khudree (Sykes)
* Mahseer Belakang Tinggi (High-backed Mahseer) (juga digelarkan "Mahseer Ponok" (Hump-backed) atau "Mahseer Selatan" (Southern Mahseer): Tor mussullah (Sykes)
* Mahseer Malaysia (Malaysian Mahseer): (juga digelarkan ikan Kelah atau Kap Anak Air Besar (Greater Brook Carp): Tor tambroides

Genus Acrossocheilus:

* Mahseer Coklat {Brown Mahseer): Acrossocheilus hexagonolepsis

Kategori: Ikan


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Mahseer is the common name used for the genera Tor, Neolissochilus, and Naziritor in the family Cyprinidae (carps). Sen and Jayaram (1982) reviewed the literature on Mahseer in India and restricted the term 'Mahseer' to members of the genus Tor. They range from Malaysia, Indonesia, across southern Asia to Pakistan, including the Indian Peninsula (Menon, 1992; Roberts, 1999; Mohindra et al., 2007). They are commercially important game fish, as well as highly esteemed food fish. Mahseer fetch high market price, and are potential candidate species for aquaculture (Ogale, 2002). Several of the larger species have suffered severe declines, and are now considered threatened due to pollution, habitat loss and overfishing.

The taxonomy of the mahseers is confusing due to the morphological variations they exhibit. In developing strategies for aquaculture and propagation assisted rehabilitation of mahseer species, there is a need to resolve taxonomic ambiguities (Mohindra et al., 2007).

Mahseers inhabit both rivers and lakes, ascending to rapid streams with rocky bottoms for breeding. Like other types of carps, they are omnivorous, eating not only algae, crustaceans, insects, frogs, and other fish, but also fruits that fall from trees overhead.

The first species from this group were scientifically described by Francis Buchanan-Hamilton in 1822, and first mentioned as an angling challenge by the Oriental Sporting Magazine in 1833, soon becoming a favorite quarry of British anglers living in India. The golden mahseer has been known to reach 2.75 m (9 ft) in length and 54 kg (118 lb) in weight, although specimens of this size are rarely seen nowadays. In addition to being caught for sport, mahseer are also part of commercial fishing and ornamental or aquarium fish.


The Hindi name of mahāsir, mahāser, or mahāsaulā is used for a number of fishes of the group. British anglers in India called them the Indian salmon. Several sources of the common name mahseer have been suggested: It has been said to be derived from Sanskrit, while other say it is derived from Indo-Persian, Mahi means Fish Sher means Tiger tiger fish or Tiger of waters in Persian. Alternatively, mahā-śalka, meaning large-scaled, as the scales are so large that Buchanan mentions that playing cards were made from them at Dacca. Mr. H. S. Thomas suggests mahā-āsya; great mouth.[1]

Advertisement for Mahseer fishing tackle 1897

Sen and Jayaram (1982) reviewed the literature on Mahseer in India and restricted the term 'Mahseer' to members of the genus Tor. However, the few species of Genus Neolissochilus and two species of Genus Naziritor are also called as Mahseer due to their big size scales and some similarities.

* Genus Tor:
Tor ater, Roberts, 1999
Tor barakae, Arunkumar & Basudha, 2003 , Barakae mahseer
Tor douronensis, Valenciennes, 1842, khela mahseer or river carp
Tor hemispinus, Chen & Chu, 1985
Tor kulkarnii, Menon, 1992, Dwarf mahseer uncertain only one specimen found till now.
Tor khudree, Sykes, 1839, Deccan mahseer
Tor laterivittatus, Zhou & Cui, 1996
Tor macrolepis, Heckel, 1838, uncertain species
Tor polylepis, Zhou & Cui, 1996
Tor progeneius, McClelland, 1839, Jungha mahseer
Tor qiaojiensis, Wu, 1977
Tor malabaricus, Jerdon, 1849, Malabar mahseer
Tor mosal, Hamilton, 1822, Mosal Mahseer
Tor mussullah, Sykes, 1839, High-backed mahseer, Hump-backed mahseer or Southern mahseer
Tor putitora, Hamilton, 1822, Himalayan mahseer or Golden mahseer
Tor sinensis, Wu, 1977, Chinese mahseer
Tor soro, Valenciennes, 1842
Tor tambra, Valenciennes, 1842
Tor tambroides, Bleeker, 1854, Thai mahseer
Tor tor, Hamilton, 1822, Red-finned mahseer, Short-gilled mahseer or Deep-bodied mahseer
Tor yingjiangensis, Chen & Yang, 2004
Tor yunnanensis, Wang, Zhuang & Gao, 1982
Tor remadevi, NATP report, 2004 uncertain – only one specimen found
Tor moyarensis, NATP report, 2004 uncertain – only one specimen found

* Sub species under Genus Tor:
Tor mosal mahanadicus, Mohindra.V and Praveen 2007 RAPD study shows its close to Tor putitora than to Tor mosal

* Genus Neolissochilus (is separated from Genus Acrossocheilus):
Neolissochilus hexagonolepsis, (McClelland, 1839, Chocolate mahseer
Neolissochilus hexastichus, McClelland, 1839, Brown mahseer

* Genus Naziritor
Naziritor zhobensis, Mirza, 1967, Balochi mahseer
Naziritor cheilynoides, McClelland, 1839, Dark Mahseer

Categories: Fish of Asia | Cyprinidae